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Εξειδίκευση τύπου : Άρθρο σε επιστημονικό περιοδικό
Τίτλος: Comparative molecular dynamics simulations of the potent synthetic classical cannabinoid ligand AMG3 in solution and at binding site of the CB1 and CB2 receptors
Δημιουργός/Συγγραφέας: Durdagi, Serdar
[EL] Ραϊς, Χεριμπέρτ[EN] Reis, Heribertsemantics logo
[EL] Παπαδόπουλος, Μάνθος Γ.[EN] Papadopoulos, Manthos G.semantics logo
[EL] Μαυρομούστακος, Θωμάς[EN] Mavromoustakos, Thomassemantics logo
Εκδότης: Pergamon
Τόπος έκδοσης: OXFORD
Ημερομηνία: 2008-08-01
Γλώσσα: Αγγλικά
ISBN: 0968-0896
DOI: 10.1016/j.bmc.2008.06.019
Περίληψη: The C-1'-dithiolane Delta(8)-tetrahydrocannabinol (Delta(8)-THC) amphiphilic analogue (-)-2-(6a, 7,10,10a-tetrahydro-6,6,9-trimethylhydroxy-6H-dibenzo[b, d] pyranyl)-2-hexyl-1,3-dithiolane (AMG3) is considered as one of the most potent synthetic analgesic cannabinoid (CB) ligands. Its structure is characterized by rigid tricyclic and flexible alkyl chain segments. Its conformational properties have not been fully explored. Structure -activity relationship (SAR) studies on classical CBs showed that the alkyl side chain is the most critical structural part for the receptor activation. However, reported low energy conformers of classical CB analogues vary mainly in the conformation of their alkyl side chain segment. Therefore, comparative molecular dynamics (MD) simulations of low energy conformers of AMG3 were performed in order to investigate its structural and dynamical properties in two different systems. System-I includes ligand and amphoteric solvent DMSO, simulating the biological environment and system-II includes ligand at active site of the homology models of CB1 and CB2 receptors in the solvent. The trajectory analysis results are compared for the systems I and II. In system-I, the dihedral angle defined between aromatic ring and dithiolane ring of AMG3 shows more resistance to be transformed into another torsional angle and the dihedral angle adjacent to dithiolane ring belonging in the alkyl chain has flexibility to adopt gauche +/- and trans dihedral angles. The rest of the dihedral angles within the alkyl chain are all trans. These results point out that wrapped conformations are dynamically less favored in solution than linear conformations. Two possible plane angles defined between the rigid and flexible segments are found to be the most favored and adopting values of similar to 90 degrees and similar to 140 degrees. In system-II, these values are similar to 90 degrees and similar to 120 degrees. Conformers of AMG3 at the CB1 receptor favor to establish a cis conformation defined between aromatic and dithiolane ring and a trans conformation in the CB2 receptor. These different orientations of ligand inside the binding pocket of CB1 and CB2 receptors may explain its different binding affinity in the two receptors. The results of this study can be applied to other synthetic classical CB ligands to produce low energy conformations and can be of general use for the molecules possessing flexible alkyl chain(s). In addition, this study can be useful when restraint of the alkyl chain is sought for optimizing drug design.
Τίτλος πηγής δημοσίευσης: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Τόμος/Κεφάλαιο: 16
Τεύχος: 15
Σελίδες: 7377-7387
Θεματική Κατηγορία: [EL] Βιολογία (Γενικά)[EN] Biology (General)semantics logo
[EL] Χημεία (Γενικά)[EN] Chemistry (General)semantics logo
[EL] Οργανική χημεία[EN] Organic chemistrysemantics logo
[EL] Φαρμακευτική[EN] Pharmacy and materia medicasemantics logo
Λέξεις-Κλειδιά: cannabinoids
CB1 and CB2 receptors
conformational analysis
molecular dynamics simulations
Delta(8)-THC, AMG3
Chemistry, Medicinal
Αξιολόγηση από ομότιμους (peer reviewed): Ναι
Κάτοχος πνευματικών δικαιωμάτων: © 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Ηλεκτρονική διεύθυνση περιοδικού (link) : http://www.elsevier.com/locate/bmc
ΙΒΦΧΒ: αρχειακή συλλογή: Ινστιτούτο Οργανικής και Φαρμακευτικής Χημείας (ΙΟΦΧ) (έως 2012)
Εμφανίζεται στις συλλογές:Ινστιτούτο Χημικής Βιολογίας - Επιστημονικό έργο

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